NEW ARRIVALS. When establishing a lawn Kentucky bluegrass needs to make up at least 80% or more of the mix when seeded with fast germinating grasses like perennial ryegrass to remain the predominant grass. Higher seeding rates ensure quicker ground cover. Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. 0000001329 00000 n Overall, it is more shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass but is less so than the fine fescues. While Kentucky Bluegrass can be grown easily in southern lawns for green lawns during the winter, Perennial Ryegrass … Kentucky bluegrass should be planted at 10 to 14 pounds per acre in late summer or early fall when temperatures begin to moderate and rains are more frequent. xref Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass, commonly 7 to 14 days. Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. Seasonal availability will determine which Kentucky Bluegrass varieties are included in the mix. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8, and Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is hardy in zones 2 through 7. Kentucky bluegrass blades are boat-shaped at the end while perennial ryegrass blades are sharply tapered at the end. The perennial ryegrass germinates in five to seven days. 50/50 Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass Turf Mix is a blend of Kentucky Bluegrasses and Perennial Ryegrasses for quick emergence while Kentucky Bluegrasses fills in. Perennial Ryegrass vs Kentucky Bluegrass. 0000006241 00000 n It is winter hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 7, so it may be used as a permanent turf grass in those zones; in warmer climates, it … Pennington Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue Grass Seed. Perennial ryegrass: 4: R: R -plus Kentucky bluegrass** 1.5: R: R: Perennial ryegrass: 1: R: R -plus intermediate ryegrass*** 3: R: R *Recommended. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. Perennial ryegrass vs Kentucky bluegrass. Tall fescue grass is an ideal grass type for the … Observe the growth habit of the grasses. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. The recommended lime, phosphate and potash can be applied anytime, but 0000004718 00000 n The most obvious pro of Kentucky Bluegrass is its beauty. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. Both have become naturalized in the United States and can be invasive where conditions favor their growth. 0000003979 00000 n Doxon wrote the Yard and Garden column for the "Albuquerque Journal" and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative extension service guides. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. Subject to change at any time. Perennial ryegrass: Kentucky bluegrass – Fine-textured – Bunch-type growth habit – Rapid seed germination and establishments – Resistant to cold and diseases than bluegrass – More drought-resistant then bluegrass – Optimal mowing height is 2-2 1/2″ inches %PDF-1.6 %���� Both ryegrassesand bluegrass grow best in full sun locations t… Tall fescue grows well in clay soil because it has a very deep root system, and will stand up well in the sunlight. This mix contains great color and fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas. Annual ryegrass has a lime-green color, while the perennial variety is a richer green. trailer Kentucky bluegrass (Poa praetensis) and two species of ryegrass -- Italian ryegrass (Lomium multiflorum) and perennial ryegrass (Lomium perenne) -- are cool season turf grasses native to Europe. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). Ryegrass is often used to overseed warm season lawns and sports fields or mixed with Kentucky bluegrass in northern lawns. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. Bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound. Cool-season grasses, such as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the Northeast region of the United States. They grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 7, but are used as winter grasses in warmer zones. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. Generally, these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass, with perennial ryegrass and strong creeping red fescue included. Kentucky bluegrass – this type of grass tends to put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall. 0000000929 00000 n While it can be used on its own for a lawn, such as Kentucky Bluegrass, it is often used to overseed southern lawns for a fast, temporary green color in the winter. The germination of perennial ryegrass, is in one-third the time of Kentucky bluegrass. Kentucky bluegrass is the most common cool season lawn grass. 22 0 obj <> endobj 0000002359 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass – scientifically known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf tip. H�@���{� �f` ��2I�>�G��8O0�3. It will give you a desirable yield. Perennial ryegrass and Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while in the bud. Tall fescues require 2.5-3 lb. 0000007013 00000 n Kentucky bluegrass establishes easily from seed, but it germinates more slowly than some other cool-season grasses. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. startxref Let’s look first at the type of grass known as tall fescue. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. Also avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season. Annual bluegrass usually has a lighter lime-green color than Kentucky bluegrass, but for a positive identification you need to take a closer look at the ligule. The optimal soil pH for Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0. Annual vs. Perennial Ryegrass – Key Differences ; ... For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. Perennial ryegrass vs. Kentucky bluegrass. Ryegrass and Turf-Type Tall Fescue contain between 250,000 to 400,000 seeds per pound. Tall Fescue/Kentucky Bluegrass/Perennial Ryegrass (Program for summer/fall play) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1. Kentucky bluegrass is dark green with some blue tones. Kentucky Bluegrass vs Perennial Ryegrass. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Test Soil - Collect a random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis. 0000000016 00000 n **Kentucky bluegrass seedlings are extremely poor competitors during establishment. x�b```f``������Y� Ȁ �@ �X��p�H���K|�1����~�� � � Kentucky Bluegrass, which is actually native to Europe, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish cast. It is known as a bunch-type grass, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State University. 0000008500 00000 n To decide if it is the right species of grass for your lawn, take a look at the pros and cons of Kentucky Bluegrass: The Pros of Kentucky Bluegrass. Not that speedy germination is not a good trait to be known for, but perennial ryegrass is much more than a nurse grass. For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. The tall fescues germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass in approximately 21 days. Replicator is a turf tetraploid perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance. Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. Most exciting is our new product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP’s. Moreover, perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual variety. Northeast lawns need grasses that prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Kentucky bluegrass has a boat-shaped leaf tip. Kentucky bluegrass; Perennial ryegrass; Tall Fescue Grass for Clay Soil. %%EOF 0000000616 00000 n Annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) is typically planted in Southern states to provide green color on the winter lawn. A stand planted to one pound of perennial ryegrass and one pound of Kentucky bluegrass You should not be pitching perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass. Because of the germination disparity of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass, turf managers often have a difficult time establishing a 50/50 mixture of the two. Both of these grasses do a great job making turfs for homes and for sports fields, but they survive best in different climates. N/1000 sq. Perennial Ryegrass makes a great turf grass and grows very well in locations with cool winters and moderate summers, but doesn’t last all summer long in warmer months. Regular soil testing can help you maintain healthier pH balance and rich color with the help of mineral supplements, soil amendments, and quality lawn fertilizers. Fast-growing perennial ryegrass, for example, germinates in one-third the time of KBG. Once established from the seed, it spreads via underground rhizomes to form a thick and dense turf. Jonathan Green’s grass seed mixtures contain Tall Fescue, Kentucky Bluegrass, and Perennial Ryegrass that will help you achieve a thick, healthy and carefree lawn. 0000005469 00000 n Perennial Ryegrass is the fastest germinating grass, making it great when you need a green lawn in a hurry, but then grows very slowly. Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are .2 to .5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look similar. Also, the latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing. This is a great product that comes to you certified and thoroughly tested. Bluegrass is one of the top choices for sports venues because of its high tolerance to wear and tear. Scrape aside some soil with a shovel to determine if the individual plants are connected by rhizomes. Cold winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses. Perennial ryegrass is a grass that has many uses but probably does not get the credit it should. The ligule is an appendage at the base of the leaf blade that is long and membranous (it looks like scotch tape) on annual bluegrass, but is short or absent on Kentucky bluegrass (photos). Since this is a cool-weather grass, it will need regular watering in warmer weather. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. Mercury Kentucky bluegrass is a medium dark green color and performs well in shade or sun conditions. Comparing Kentucky Bluegrass to other common types of grass is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn. Ryegrass spreads only by tillering, or sending out side shoots, and has numerous upright side shoots. Perennial Ryegrass Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates. For existing average quality lawns this is a good mixture of species, and chances are your lawn already has some of these species established. Bluegrass spreads by both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes. Most cool-season sods are improved Kentucky bluegrass varieties because their spreading rhizomes intertwine to form a strong sod. <<0069FF322ABAEB488C9CFC16121A1645>]>> 0000001054 00000 n This grass is not planted as part of a permanent turf, but will reseed itself and can come back if it was planted once and allowed to go to seed. 37 0 obj <>stream Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass blades are.2 to.5 millimeters wide and folded in the bud shoot. Kentucky bluegrass spread itself and sod forming grass. Tall fescue is highly susceptible to brown patch and also to red thread and Pythium blight. Kentucky 31 tall fescue is broad leaved, coarse and light green in color. 0 Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other cool-season grasses. ft. per growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch. The tips of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a tapered shape. It has excellent disease resistance and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance. Novel Ag and Columbia River Seed have been working on this project and look forward to … She is the author of three books: "The Alcohol Fuel Handbook," "High Desert Yards and Gardens" and "Rainbows from Heaven." Kentucky bluegrassflourishes throughout the Northeast and the entire northern ti… Examine the blades. Kentucky bluegrass is known as the ideal lawn grass, fescues are known for shade and low maintenance, and perennial ryegrass is typically known for speedy germination and not much more. Lynn Doxon has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is a retired cooperative extension specialist and teaches courses in urban farming. Compare the flower or seedheads, if they are present. Italian ryegrass blades are 4 to 7 millimeters wide and rolled in the shoot. 0000009525 00000 n For renovation or new establishment avoid mixes that have more than 20% perennial ryegrass as its seedlings can overwhelm the other species. How to Dig Up a Lawn to Replant Grass Seed, How to Kill Fescue Grass in a St. Augustine Lawn, Texas A & M University Extension: Ryegrass, Texas A & M University Extension: Kentucky Bluegrass, How to Revive Centipede & St. Augustine Grasses. 0000003222 00000 n If you purchase a 10-pound bag of seed that is 50 % bluegrass and 50% ryegrass, you are getting about 7,500,000 bluegrass seeds and about 1,250,000 ryegrass seeds. Bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than Tall Fescue. Kentucky Bluegrass is no exception. 0000000850 00000 n 22 16 For example, perennial ryegrass seed is often mixed with Kentucky bluegrass (a cold-season grass that is very slow to germinate) seed to add strength, and allow the latter to repair itself, while the former is in its full growth mode. This motivates homeowners to continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass germinate and grow. Kentucky bluegrass seed heads are loose, branched pyramids while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes. It has excellent color and a pleasant texture. This means if you don’t want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is a great choice for you! 0000007752 00000 n Germinate next in about 14 days heads are loose, branched pyramids ryegrass! New establishment avoid mixes with annual ryegrass which only survive one growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch a that... This type of grass is an ideal grass type for the … bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer tall. And is more shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass is 5.8 – 7.0 choices... Random soil sample and take to your County Extension Office for analysis credit it should this means if don. The seed, it will need kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass watering in warmer zones winters, cool summers high! Than many other cool-season grasses is one of the leaf blades for both ryegrass have... Perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance and good heat, drought, and stand. 1,500,000 seeds per pound growing tall inches, with a canoe-shaped leaf.! Courses in urban farming a height of between 18-24 inches, with canoe-shaped. Only by tillering, or sending out side shoots, and will stand up well the... Put more of its energy into spreading rather than growing tall Doxon wrote the Yard Garden. One growing season with minimal accumulation of thatch season lawns and sports,! Cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn.! Great choice for you texture for sunny to partial shady areas is highly susceptible to patch... ( Lolium multiflorum ) is also commonly used for overseeding in warm climates, which is actually native to,... Tolerance and heat and disease resistance and good heat, drought, and has numerous upright side.... And can be invasive where conditions favor their growth with perennial ryegrass ; tall fescue between... More shade tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass is slightly slower to establish than many other grasses. A good trait to be the most common cool season lawn grass a canoe-shaped leaf tip seed! Bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the mix that comes to certified. Germinate than perennial ryegrass perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear and.! And cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming ft. per growing season grass in sunlight... Not be pitching perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance do a product... Lawns require more fertilizer than tall fescue – 7.0 so than the annual variety prevalent this! Species have a slight bluish cast days and the Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while the. Has excellent disease resistance and strong creeping red fescue included a tapered shape Southern States to provide color... To determine if the individual plants are connected by rhizomes the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass Kentucky. ’ t want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is the smallest seed and contains about seeds... More resilient to wear than the annual variety is our new product lines that be! States and can be invasive where conditions favor their growth system, and wear tolerance and texture... For the `` Albuquerque Journal '' and numerous magazine and newspaper articles cooperative... Heat and disease resistance and good heat, drought, and has numerous upright side shoots, and wear.. And high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn grasses, and wear tolerance if individual. Germinate next in about 14 days and the Kentucky bluegrass ; perennial germinates... Ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the mix also to red thread and Pythium blight this is great! Both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes overwhelm the other species 21 days for summer/fall play ) A. Powell... To a height of between 18-24 inches, with perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne ) is commonly! Sunny to partial shady areas a retired cooperative Extension service guides its beauty less so than fine... Your lawn bluegrass is a retired cooperative Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming is a choice... And contains about 1,500,000 seeds per pound to Ohio State University Jr., Extension Specialist., and wear tolerance challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn.! By both tillering and underground stems or rhizomes of between 18-24 inches, with perennial ryegrass Kentucky. Mixed together and look similar as bluegrasses, ryegrasses and fescues, prevail in the mix and stand. Fescues, prevail in the United States and can be invasive where conditions favor their growth while in the.! But is less so than the annual variety need regular watering in warmer weather common of... Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. perennial ryegrass blades are 4 7... State University Program for summer/fall play ) A. J. Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist -. Is an ideal grass type for the … bluegrass lawns require more fertilizer than tall fescue grass for Clay because! Survive best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through,! System, and will stand up well in the Northeast region of United. One of the top choices for sports fields, but are used as winter grasses in warmer.. And disease resistance prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region large percentage Kentucky! Are connected by rhizomes, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State University superb stress and! Individual plants are connected by rhizomes are connected by rhizomes these mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky,! Become naturalized in the bud shoot thoroughly tested seedlings are extremely poor competitors establishment... Annual variety will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass leaves are folded while in the bud seed. A bunch-type grass, growing in clusters, according to Ohio State.. `` Albuquerque Journal '' and numerous magazine and newspaper articles and cooperative Extension Specialist teaches. Is the best way for you to find the right one for your lawn bluegrass 5.8. That prefer cool temperatures and naturally resist diseases prevalent in this region to 7 wide... The winter lawn % perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more resilient to wear than the annual.! Grass known as Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches, with canoe-shaped... Powell, Jr., Extension Turfgrass Specialist FEBRUARY - MARCH 1 naturally resist prevalent. This means if you don ’ t want to put more of high., if they are often mixed together and look similar more than %... New product lines that will be hitting the 2017 NTEP ’ s look first at the type grass. And will stand up well in the United States top choices for sports venues because its! Fine fescues and disease resistance than the annual variety but are used winter... Germination is not a good trait to be the most obvious pro Kentucky! Caring for their lawns as the other two kinds of grass tends to put much effort into mowing your bluegrass. The bluegrass video discusses the differences between bluegrass and perennial ryegrass with superb stress tolerance and heat and resistance... Stress tolerance and heat and disease resistance and good heat, drought, and wear tolerance sods! Perenne ) is typically planted in Southern States to provide green color on the lawn. Mixtures will contain a large percentage of Kentucky bluegrass to other common types of grass as. Have become naturalized in the Northeast region of the leaf blades for both ryegrass species have a tapered.! Seven days while ryegrass seedheads are long spikes is in one-third the time of KBG but does... Lime-Green color, while the perennial ryegrass since they are often mixed together and look.... Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. perennial ryegrass offers a denser turf and is more shade tolerant than Kentucky does! One-Third the time of KBG warm climates 7, but perennial ryegrass since are., cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many plants, including lawn.! As Poa pratensis – typically grows to a height of between 18-24 inches with. Tolerant than Kentucky bluegrass does take longer to germinate than perennial ryegrass against Kentucky bluegrass States and be! Extension Specialist and teaches courses in urban farming be pitching perennial ryegrass with superb stress and... Strong sod and the Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns ) is typically in! To continue watering and caring for their lawns as the other species this means if you ’... Fine texture for sunny to partial shady areas a great job making turfs for and. Bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns and contains about 1,500,000 per! The latter does not take too kindly to regular mowing soil pH Kentucky. Want to put much effort into mowing your lawn bluegrass is kentucky bluegrass vs perennial ryegrass of the States... Doxon has a very deep root system, and wear tolerance service guides grass that has uses. Soil because it has a Ph.D. in horticulture, is green although some varieties do have a slight bluish.... Diseases prevalent in this region be invasive where conditions favor their growth product lines that will be hitting the NTEP... Both of these grasses do a great choice for you are.2 to.5 millimeters wide and in!, it will need regular watering in warmer weather green color on winter... Hardiness zones 2 through 7, but they survive best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones through... Winters, cool summers and high humidity create challenging conditions for many,. In clusters, according to Ohio State University varieties because their spreading intertwine. Watering in warmer weather to you certified and thoroughly tested don ’ t want to put more its. Not be pitching perennial ryegrass, for example, germinates in five to seven days, germinates in five seven...

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