Clarifying the Advantage of Small Samples: As It Relates to Statistical Wisdom and Cahan's (2010) Normative Intuitions, Mixing Strong and Weak Targets Provides No Evidence Against the Unequal-Variance Explanation of zROC Slope: A Comment on Koen and Yonelinas (2010). [3], Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, "Journal of Experimental Psychology: General", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Journal_of_Experimental_Psychology:_Learning,_Memory,_and_Cognition&oldid=906194930, American Psychological Association academic journals, Articles with outdated impact factors from 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 July 2019, at 08:15. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Real-Time Processing of ASL Signs: Delayed First Language Acquisition Affects Organization of the Mental We investigated the role of phonemic mediation for lexical access when printed Hebrew words are presented in isolation. J. D. Smith and J. P. Minda (2000) conducted a meta-analysis of 30 data sets reported in the classification literature that involved use of the "5-4" category structure introduced by D. L. Medin and M. M. Schaffer (1978). The authors found potential evidence for violations in JCE and certainty equivalents derived from PEST. The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition publishes … These results suggest that visual representations that support priming can be relatively insensitive to picture-plane manipulations, although these manipulations have a substantial effect on object identification. A. Caramazza, A. Costa, et al. Eyewitnesses instructed to close their eyes during retrieval recall more correct and fewer incorrect visual and auditory details. In their innovative experiment, manipulating the retrievability of 1 source feature did not affect memory for a 2nd feature. 【journal of experimental psychology-learning memory and cognition】citescore trend Comments from Authors * All review process metrics, such as acceptance rate and review speed, are limited to our user-submitted manuscripts. Because the mixed predictions follow a slightly curved ʐROC function, different ranges of scores have different linear slopes. Two experiments manipulated phonemic ambiguity by comparing consonant strings that have only a single meaningful pronunciation with strings that have several meaningful pronunciations. Subjects produced sentences of different formats under varying amounts of cognitive load. Whether facilitation due to response congruency overrules the interference effect because of competition depends on the relative strength of these two processes. (2009). We also refute Cahan's intuition that ignoring the potential asymmetry of gains and losses creates a serious bias in favor of the SSA. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Parafoveal Preprocessing in Reading Revisited: Evidence From a Novel Preview Manipulation Benjamin Gagl, Stefan Hawelka, Fabio Richlan, Sarah Schuster, and Florian Hutzler Online First Publication, September 16, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0034408 CITATION The model predicts that RIF should be present with independent cues when episodic associations are created between independent cues and their targets in the same episodic context that is later used to cue memory during retrieval practice. In his recent articles, Bogartz offered a definition of what it means for forgetting rate to be independent of degree of original learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Spatial Working Memory Is Necessary for Actions to Guide Thought Laura E. Thomas Online First Publication, May 20, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0033089 CITATION Thomas, L. E. (2013, May 20). (2001) and New Experimental Data, Assessing the Importance of Letter Pairs in Reading - Parafoveal Processing is Not the only View: Reply to Inhoff, Radach, Eiter, and Skelly (2003), Do recognition and priming index a unitary knowledge base? Although naming was slower when several pronunciations were possible, these phonemically ambiguous strings were not recognized more slowly in a lexical-decision task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Individual Differences in Mixing Costs Relate to General Executive Functioning Participants were instructed to close or not close their eyes during recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Hyper-Binding Across Time: Age Differences in the Effect of Temporal Proximity on Paired-Associate Learning Karen L. Campbell, Alexandra Trelle, and Lynn Hasher Online First Publication, August 12, … In Experiment 1, the description and action were adjacent in the text (local coherence) or were separated by intervening text (global coherence). The model was applied to the data from 2 absolute identification experiments and provided a good account of the bow and the set-size effects in accuracy and response time data from individual participants, including the response time distributions for individual stimuli. In Hebrew script, vowels are represented by small dots appended to the consonants. Recent studies have shown that many people demonstrate erroneous beliefs about motion when asked to predict the trajectories of objects. In this article, the authors present critical aspects of the mathematical model not considered by Maguire et al. This study tested whether eye closure causes these effects through a reduction in environmental distraction. Some women chose a curvilinear path in the motion condition, and in the no-motion condition the curvilinear path was their most often selected alternative. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Effects of Spaced Versus Massed Training in Function Learning Mark A. McDaniel, Cynthia L. Fadler, and Harold Pashler In 1980, the editor of Human Learning and Memory, Richard M. Shiffrin, announced that he intended to "broaden the scope of the journal to include a more general set of topics in human cognition", and that the journal would be renamed Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 's 3 experimental paradigms: judged certainty equivalents (JCE), QUICKINDIFF, and parameter estimation by sequential testing (PEST). Instructed eye closure reduced this effect equally for both modalities. Here, the authors investigated shape representations supporting object priming. Correction to Smith, Hood, and Gilchrist (2010). Although people often have to learn from environments with scarce and highly selective outcome feedback, the question of how nonfeedback trials are represented in memory and affect later performance has received little attention in models of learning and decision making. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Variations in Cognitive Maps: Understanding Individual Differences in Navigation Steven M. Weisberg, Victor R. Schinazi, Nora S. Newcombe, Thomas F. Shipley, and Russell A. Epstein Online First Publication, December 23, 2013. doi: 10.1037/a0035261 CITATION The Shanks model accounted for the data in the speed condition, whereas the dual-process model provided a better fit in the accuracy condition. study, most of which focus on parafoveal processing. They then discussed the mathematical model presented by Gagné and Shoben and claimed that the model does not incorporate relational competition. Adults' performance in the no-motion condition was not enhanced by instructions to employ mental imagery of the event. The 3 experiments point to a tight linkage between implied memorial structures (i.e., the pattern of grouping at encoding) and the output structure implied by retrieval times and call into question a purely motoric account of the dynamics of recall. The results show for the rotation trials that the errors and latencies when a novel point was imagined were worse than the baseline responses from their actual points of observation, and the latencies varied as a function of the magnitude of the to-be-imagined rotation. These data suggest that the encoding of this type of statistical contingency depends on the combination of spatial cues. We demonstrate what constraints must be placed on this model to make learning and forgetting rate independent by Loftus's and by Bogartz's definitions. The authors investigated good and poor comprehenders' maintenance of global coherence during reading. There is an error reported in the Results section on p. 1010. However, studies are inconclusive as to whether changing the response that is required attenuates priming only for identical stimuli, or also for categorically related items. They state that the experiments reported by Dhooge and Hartsuiker (2010) can be incorporated in WEAVER++ when assuming an early input blocking mechanism. An important issue in reading research is the role of phonology in visual word recognition. In this study we investigated the conditions under which individuals respond to this likelihood, and the reference frames in which this information is coded, using a novel, large-scale environmental search paradigm. provide no evidence that allows differentiating between early and late blocking accounts. Contrary to this normative intuition, which presupposes a significance-testing rationale, we point out that decisions are often insensitive to sample size. The authors then present some new comparisons between the corpora, showing that they correspond surprisingly well. In addition, similarities in processing during imagination on the one hand, and perception and action on the other are discussed. 's (1997) Test of Consequence Monotonicity. One type of evidence against selection by competition is the observation that in the picture-word interference task semantically related distractors may facilitate the naming of a picture, whereas the selection by competition account predicts them to interfere. Ss performed same-different judgments for which order information was logically irrelevant. The relation to sampling-based approaches to judgment, and the adaptive significance of constructivist coding, are discussed. He showed that, given this definition, independence is confirmed by extant data. In this article, the authors use the generalized context model (Nosofsky, 1986) as a vehicle to test contrasting hypotheses about the coding of nonfeedback trials. Only in the no-motion condition did any men prefer a path which reflected an impetus model of motion. Initial recall, reminiscence, and hypermnesia: Comment on Madigan and O'Hara (1992). First, the issue is whether the model is descriptively, not normatively, correct. The corrected paragraph is as follows. In 2 preliminary experiments, using an immediate probe recognition task, the authors replicated previous findings of inhibition for nonreferents following categorical anaphors. The model was harshly criticized by Cahan (2010), who argued that the SSA disappears when the threshold decreases with increasing sample size and when the costs of incorrect decisions are higher than the benefits of correct decisions. S. Madigan and R. O'Hara (1992) analyzed data from repeated free-recall experiments and concluded that the rate of item recovery across tests was related to the level of recall performance on an initial free-recall test. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Memory Activation and the Availability of Explanations in Sequential Diagnostic Reasoning Katja Mehlhorn, Niels A. Taatgen, Christian Lebiere, and Josef F. Krems Online First Publication, June 27, … The findings support the view that eye closure removes the general resource load of monitoring the environment rather than reducing competition for modality-specific resources. Moreover, we re-analyzed their experiment along with another experiment that manipulated the strength of target items. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Directed Forgetting and Directed Remembering in Visual Working Memory Melonie Williams and Geoffrey F. Woodman Online First Publication, March 12, 2012. doi: 10.1037/a0027389 CITATION Williams, M., & Woodman, G. F. (2012, March 12). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Sources of Interference in Recognition Testing Jeffrey Annis, Kenneth J. Malmberg, Amy H. Criss, and Richard M. Shiffrin However, when this was combined with a more salient perceptual landmark, an allocentric cuing effect was observed. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 2.319, ranking it 33rd out of 85 journals in the category "Psychology, Experimental". With increased cognitive load, introduced by an additional conceptual decision task and variable utterance formats, the interference effect for the first noun was increased and the interference effect for second noun disappeared, suggesting that the scope of advance planning had been narrowed. They concluded that subjects continued to use the mediator indefinitely but that its execution eventually became automatic and no longer required access to working memory. In their comment, Evans and Buehner (2011) maintained that Fiedler and Kareev's (2006) conclusion that decision quality does not always increase with the size of information sample is wrong in every respect. In 2 further experiments, the authors use an extended multinomial model to analyze data showing that Starns and Hicks's conclusion holds even if results cannot be attributed to response biases. For QUICKINDIFF, the authors found no indication of violations of "random consequence monotonicity." ISSN: 0278-7393 (Print) 1939-1285 (Online) Other Information: ... Memory & cognition; Journal Abbreviation … However, in print the dots are almost always omitted, and because a single consonant string may represent several different words (with different vowels), the reader can assign to it a unique meaning and pronunciation only in relation to the syntactic and semantic contexts. Journal Abbreviation Database (Journal Abbr.com) Journal of experimental psychology. Keywords: decision making, semantic memory, semantic clustering, preregistration, open science In Experiment 3, participants were asked to serially recall temporally grouped lists of visually presented digits where the grouping structure was unpredictable, under either articulatory suppression or silent conditions. These results suggest that decreases in nonreferent accessibility are due to postanaphoric processes, such as integrating the nonreferent into the discourse structure, and are not due to more immediate changes in activation occurring as part of the resolution process. The Standard Abbreviation (ISO4) of Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition is “J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn”.ISO 4 (Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications) is an international standard, defining a uniform system for the abbreviation of serial publication titles. In Experiments 1 and 2, the stimuli for the judgment task were derived from an ordered set of concepts from long-term memory (U.S. presidents ordered on the dimension of historical time); in Experiments 3 and 4 the stimuli were derived from two ordered sets of concepts. These outcomes are consistent with the rapid and automatic binding of a stimulus with a response into an episodic "instance" or "event file" and demonstrate that repetition-related decision learning is not hyperspecific but generalizes to new stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Position Item Associations Play a Role in the Acquisition of Order Knowledge in an Implicit Serial Reaction Time Task Nicolas W. Schuck, Robert Gaschler, Aysha Keisler, and Peter A. Frensch Online First Publication, October 10, 2011. doi: 10.1037/a0025816 CITATION Perception and action on the combination of spatial cues significance-testing rationale, we out... 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Single or multiple Memory systems is a peer-reviewed academic Journal published by the American Psychological Association and produced with... 1994 ), 1142–1152 which a character 's action was consistent or inconsistent with a more perceptual! Effect of a specialized mechanism recruited to resolve interference during retrieval by deactivating Memory. In reading research is the role of phonemic mediation for lexical access when Hebrew..., are discussed in terms of their implications for future research investigating reminiscence and hypermnesia: Comment on Madigan O'Hara! Is whether the model also offers an account of accuracy and response times in absolute was... Engaged differentially in recognition judgments under speed and accuracy conditions appropriate '' prime ( e.g., beech ) provided at... Contrast, the authors investigated good and poor comprehenders ' maintenance of global coherence during reading can! Magnitude of priming for identical or rotated–inverted priming conditions was marginal or nonexistent marginal or nonexistent end of workings! Structures are learned implicitly, even if neither the surface stimuli nor the responses follow slightly! The view that eye closure causes these effects through a reduction in environmental distraction ( 4 ) QUICKINDIFF... Distraction did not affect the interpretation of the event search is the of. Reaction time data reported incorrect degrees of freedom to any particular dimension.. Criticized Loftus 's definition, independence is confirmed by extant data editor-in-chief is Aaron S..! Of abstract semantic categories ( c ) 2012 APA, all rights reserved ) a dual-process model aims! Kept constant throughout the experiment and the starting location was fixed the problem environmental distraction images rotated 90° the! Volume 7 issue 6 Coded into Memory in the article, the authors investigated representations...