across (5 cm), appear in mid-spring and continue to flower intermittently throughout summer into fall. Species distribution map, derived from the Michigan Flora Online. Accessed: 13 March 2013. Etymology: Vinca comes from the ancient Roman name for the plant, “Vincapervinca”, from which comes “periwinkle” (18). The two principal types of Vinca plants—Vinca minor and Vinca major—offer low-growing evergreen ground cover and provide drugs for chemotherapy. Invasive plants of California’s wildland: Vinca major L. California Invasive Plant Council. Growing to 25 cm (10 in) tall and spreading indefinitely, it is an evergreen perennial, frequently used in cultivation as groundcover Vincetoxicum louiseae and Vincetoxicum rossicum are not evergreen like V. major, the leaves bases are rounded, and the seeds bear a coma. No tendrils, or twining apices are noted in the literature. Vinca Species. I started it with litlle cuttings Each ovate leaf is 2-9cm long and 2-6cm broad (broadest near the base), entire margined, ciliate (cilia to 1mm long), covered by a waxy coat (1,2,11,12,16,17). USDA, NRCS. Distinguished by: Vinca minor appears like a smaller version of V. major, yet bears a few distinctive features. They produce purplish-blue 2" flowers from spring through fall. Vinca major, the Big or Greater Periwinkle is hardy in USDA zones 7-10.Big Periwinkles can grow up to about 1-1½ ft. tall and spreads by long trailing stems that root along the ground as they grow. 4. Geographic Distribution in Michigan: The greater periwinkle was only recently (2009) collected escaped from cultivation in Grand Traverse and Ottawa counties (1). V. major subsp. 2008. The blooming period for vinca flowers, also called periwinkles, depends on what kind of vinca is involved. It seldom exceeds 6 inches in height and stays put on the ground, lacking any ability to climb. The stems of these plants root at their joints as they creep along the ground and spread rapidly to become a pretty flowering ground cover able to fill in a large area and keep weeds down. The two principal types of Vinca plants—Vinca minor and Vinca major—offer low-growing evergreen ground cover and provide drugs for chemotherapy. Vinca is a perfect filler that adds interest to any container plant, and these charming little vines are relatively carefree and deer resistant.. Image of flower bud courtesy of Cristine V. Santanna. Drewitz, J. One of the popular ornamental choices is the variegated version of V. major: the green leaves are mottled with cream (15). Flowering Time: In the Central and Northeastern U.S., V. major flowers from April-May (2). Conroy, T. 2002. "Periwinkle" sounds cuter than the genus name "Vinca," but this plant with starry blue flowers plays many diverse roles on our planet and not all can be considered friendly. This Vinca Vine is a trailing vine that grows green with white-edged leaves. Periwinkle: Vinca Major, a sea of knee-high green. yellow flowers, also for three seasons. hirsuta Stearn The pinnately-veined opposite leaves are 4-ranked and simple, ovate to broad ovate, with a cordate to subcordate base and acute apex. Vinca minor is a trailing subshrub, spreading along the ground and rooting along the stems to form large clonal colonies and occasionally scrambling up to 40 centimetres (16 in) high but never twining or climbing. 2. Due to the waxy coat on the leaves of V. major, spraying herbicide as a control method is ineffective. This site also says this is a vine plant. Etymology: The generic name, Vinca, is short for the ancient name given by Pliny, Vincaperivinca. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada: Volume III. I have vinca in my flower in my flower beds here in SE NM. In Europe, V. major is found in nearly all countries west of Austria, as well as Sweden, Finland, and Greece. Dispersal Syndrome: The follicles open to expose the seeds, and no specific dispersal method was found. Viewed using Google Books. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 94(2): 485-504. Pests of landscape trees and shrubs: an integrated pest management guide. Information about Vinca major in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. A dense blanket of evergreen groundcover such as periwinkle (Vinca spp.) 1.5cm long) is filiform with a hairy capitate stigma (2,4,12,16,17,18). New York, NY: Dover Publications, Inc. Gbif.org. The genus vinca has a total of five to seven varieties. (3). Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=48131 [March 14, 2013]. The blue to violet (rarely white) corolla is 5-parted, salver-form, with asymmetrical petals twisted like a pinwheel, each 1.2-1.5cm long. The greater periwinkle reproduces vegetatively by stolons that root at the tips and nodes. The common periwinkle plant (Vinca minor) is often spotted creeping down steep hillsides and banks, offering a green and growing affect in areas which might otherwise be bare.The periwinkle plant is exceptional as an erosion control specimen.Periwinkle is also used as a spreading shrub in USDA garden zones 4 to 8. Flower Description: Axillary flowers (2.5-5cm across) of the greater periwinkle are solitary, perfect, and actinomorphic. Reapply at three-week intervals. This vine thrives in sunshine and has a reputation for being nearly indestructible. Excellent for sloped areas. Vinca vines are also known by the names of Creeping Myrtle, Periwinkle, and Vinca minor. The pedicels are 3-5cm long. It puts out long runners which will climb up into shrubs and the shrubs support them. Vinca, scientific name Catharanthus, has the common names periwinkle and Madagascar periwinkle. every four or five feet, and they filled in totally within two or three Periwinkle is often also called creeping vinca or creeping myrtle. Campanula ssp. Flower forms can be single or double. Vinca will not only spread out but it can be trained to climb up or used as a trailing plant. Vinca major is an evergreen Shrub growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. If periwinkle can easily engulf a pot topping 30 inches (above), dandelions don’t stand a chance of permanent residency. ‘Minor‘ means “less,” distinguishing it from a larger species of the genus Vinca, V. major (1, 8) Stevens, P.F. While I wouldn't say it is as invasive as vinca minor (which can be awfully invasive), the variegated Vinca Major now seems to be coming up, as a hardy groundcover. It means “bonds through bonds” and refers to the tangling nature of the plant (13). why it's so tall. I do have the vine plant of Vinca in my Georgia Gardens as you can see in the above and below pictures. March 12, 2013. http://www.michiganflora.net/species.aspx?id=2839. But without cultivation, these hardy vines can choke out native species. Vinca major, with the common names bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle, greater periwinkle and blue periwinkle, is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to the western Mediterranean. easily getting in and out of there. It will get about 18" tall, will grow over small objects (clay pots), etc. Neutral: On Feb 27, 2009, giftgas from Everson, WA (Zone 7b) wrote: Plants For A Future, 1996-2012. Does Vinca Minor Grow in Shade?. Periwinkle, also known as Vinca major, makes a beautiful ground cover, that doesn’t require much attention.That’s until it takes over your entire yard (and probably the neighbor’s). I have vinca in my flower in my flower beds here in SE NM. But both are shade-tolerant, trailing, flowering plants with evergreen leaves and (most often) violet-blue flowers that can be used as ground covers. Most of the other Lonicera ssp. Press of Mississippi. Prepare the garden by breaking up the existing soil (use a hoe, spade, or power tiller). The plant is commonly known as lesser periwinkle, dwarf periwinkle, small periwinkle, common periwinkle, or just ‘myrtle The miniature variety is also that high, but I think it's using Annual vinca is easy to grow. Botanical synonyms: Vinca grandiflora Salisb. hirsuta Boiss. Oakland, CA: UCANR Publications, Publication 3359. Vinca major L., bigleaf periwinkle Vinca minor L., common periwinkle. The common periwinkle plant (Vinca minor) is often spotted creeping down steep hillsides and banks, offering a green and growing affect in areas which might otherwise be bare.The periwinkle plant is exceptional as an erosion control specimen.Periwinkle is also used as a spreading shrub in USDA garden zones 4 to 8. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The foliage of V. major 'Variegata' has creamy white blotches and margins. Vinca major is more aggressively invasive than vinca … Clump forming, with a trailing habit. The miniature is the same color as the “Apocynoideae, as well as the old Asclepidaceae and Periplocoideae, form the APSA clade, relationships within which are being clarified” (4). 1950. 7. A large-leafed evergreen, Vinca grows equally well in full sun or deep shade. Flora of Pakistan: Vinca major L. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200018490. The vinca persists. -- GT (nospam@nospam.com), October 30, 2001. This perennial plant is known for its beautiful small purple flowers and shiny dark green foliage. storage--whatever you put there, if it grows well, may keep you from terrible soil-potters clay reinforced with boulders, basically-but it Most Likely Confused with: Vinca minor, Vincetoxicum louiseae, Vincetoxicum rossicum, Lonicera ssp., and Campanula ssp. It is evergreen and provides a wealth of texture and even color with the variegated varieties. Moré, M., A.N. Vinca minor (common names lesser periwinkle or dwarf periwinkle) is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, native to central and southern Europe, from Portugal and France north to the Netherlands and the Baltic States, east to the Caucasus, and also southwestern Asia in Turkey. They are used respectively to stimulate the brain and as a vasodilator, and to reduce high blood pressure. -- connie in nm (karrelandconnie@msn.com), October 30, 2001. V. major subsp. University of Michigan. "regular", but the leaves are quite a bit smaller. Plant Description. Habitat: Widely cultivated and has become a problem in various ecosystems, found primarily in damp and seasonally moist sites in forest, woodlands and heathlands, as well as along waterways and drainage lines (Muyt 2001). Web. Growing to 25 cm (10 in) tall and spreading indefinitely, it is an evergreen perennial, frequently used in cultivation as groundcover The "regular" and variegated grow about two feet tall where I A semi-synthetic alkaloid originated from Vinca, vinorelbine, is used to reduce tumor growth rates, with a higher response rate when used in ovarian cancer, sarcoma, non-small-cell lung cancer, and bladder cancer. Ethnobotanical Uses: V. major has many medicinal uses, although many parts of the plant are toxic and not edible, especially the seeds and latex. http://plants.usda.gov/java/largeImage?imageID=vima_002_ahp.tif Vincetoxicum louiseae leaf margins are not ciliate, and the abaxial surface is pubescent. Climbing vines can also have a competitive advantage as they will grow out of reach of potential herbivores and by avoiding the shading from other ground layer plant species. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Vinca minor and Vinca major, which resemble periwinkles but are technically different plants. Periwinkle is often also called creeping vinca or creeping myrtle. It will get about 18" tall, will grow over small objects (clay pots), etc. Fruit Type and Description: Each flower produces two short-cylindrical follicles (2.5-5cm long) that taper at the apex. St Johns wort gets lots of Non-medical uses of the plant include basket weaving (9,10,12). But, will be on watch out. It is often simply called periwinkle or myrtle (1,2,5,8,14,18). BTW, all the vincas get attractive "periwinkle" colored flowers on In the United States, it usually escapes from cultivation to roadsides, edges of woods, and along rivers (2,10,11). Vinca minor is hardy in zones 4-9, Vinca major 7-11. Fernald, M.L. Seed Description: The seeds of V. major are glabrous: no coma (tuft of hairs) is produced, as is common among Apocynaceae. Award-winning Vinca major 'Variegata' (Big Periwinkle) is an evergreen, mat-forming, subshrub or perennial with long prostrate rooting stems covered with ivory-margined, sea green leaves. Kellum, J. In California, V. major is the host of a bacterial disease (Pierce’s disease) that affects vineyards (11). Additionally, broken stems can be carried by water and take root (11,12,14,17). Brown 1970. 6. Quick Notable Features (2,12): Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. How to Grow Vinca. V. major var. Image of seeds courtesy of Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Vinca major, commonly called greater periwinkle, large periwinkle or blue buttons, is an evergreen, prostrate, mat-forming perennial with long trailing stems. The plant is used as an astringent, tranquilizer, stomachic, tonic, to control excessive menstrual flow, irregular uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge, hardening of the arteries, nosebleed, sore throat, and mouth ulcers. Perennial vinca grows best in shady areas and prefers cool, moist soil. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Vinca major. The two ovaries are superior, unfused and alternate with two nectaries. In the Middle Ages, periwinkle was often recommended as a treatment for a sore throat, noseb… This can help identify the species. Vinca minor is a mat-forming plant with trailing stems that can reach 2 feet long before rooting down. The vinca softens the rock face of the pond and while I can see where it could become very invasive I have been able to keep it in check because the plant does not grow where there is too much sun. The dark green stems produce milky sap. This is an area with Image Credits (all used with permission): Rosatti, T.J. & L.T. Pliny the Elder (23-79 CE), a Roman naturalist and philosopher, wrote that in his time it was widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. in Michigan without connate pairs of leaves are shrubs, except for L. japonica, which is also a vine. Southern shade: a plant selection guide. Planting Instructions. The species was introduced to Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, India, Japan, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru, South Africa, and Uruguay (1,5,8). This Vinca Vine is a trailing vine that grows green with white-edged leaves. The style (ca. Univ. The greater periwinkle has become seriously invasive in some riparian communities, decreasing biodiversity, tree sapling recruitment, and even interfering with federally threatened species populations such as the pallid Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pallida). Don’t plant in coastal CA where it is invasive. Vegetative Plant Description: V. major is perennial, evergreen, trailing or scrambling, and mostly herbaceous (with a woody caudex). It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Borne on arching shoots over a long season, large violet-blue flowers, 2 in. Vinca Insect Pests. They don’t climb like ivy, but spread low across the ground. Definition of Vinca major in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Both vinca and pachysandra are acid-loving plants, and thus Holly-Tone can be sprinkled around them, or you can give the foliage an ocassional spray of Miracid. The Blooming Period for Vinca Flowers. Tropicos.org. Further, the flowers of Lonicera are zygomorphic (actinomorphic in V. major), and produce berries, not follicles. Common Names: Greater periwinkle, large periwinkle, bigleaf periwinkle, large leaved periwinkle, blue periwinkle, Greek periwinkle. Voss, & B.S. 2004. 12 Mar 2013 . 3. variegata Loudon. have them planted as a ground cover. Sérsic, & A.A. Cocucci 2007. As the names suggest, all parts, including flowers, of V. major are larger than those of V. minor. Britton, N.L. Vinca minor is a mat-forming plant with trailing stems that can reach 2 feet long before rooting down. There are vinca major and minor with leaf and bloom size as the main differences. But without cultivation, these hardy vines can choke out native species. Blooms are typically blue or blue-violet but can also be found in red-violet and white. They produce purplish-blue 2" flowers from spring through fall. A.A. Reznicek, E.G. Weed Management Guide: Periwinkle (Vinca major). Don’t plant in coastal CA where it is invasive. Now, if you go to this Web Site, you will see that Vinca Major seems ¬ Simple, opposite, ovate leaves with ciliate margins and subcordate bases V. minor has a narrow, not semi-cordate, leaf base; the leaf is broadest in the middle; the leaf and calyx margins are glabrous; and the pedicel is shorter (only 1-1.5cm long). University of Michigan College of Literature, Sciences and the Arts. Variegated Periwinkle Vinca major 'Variegata is a wonderful variegated foliage plant that drapes nicely over your combination planters. The main difference between Vinca major and Vinca minor is that the leaves of V. major are slightly broader, larger, ovate, or heart shaped, while those of V. minor are small, elongated, lance-shaped. 2013. The 1 ½ inch long, opposite leaves are a dark, glossy blue-green. Image of leaves courtesy of Will Cook at http://www.carolinanature.com/ Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Its original botanical name was Vinca rosea--hence the confusion. are non-climbing herbs with alternate leaves and conspicuous blue bell-shaped flowers with one style and three stigmas, the calyx is adnate to the ovary, which produces a three-locular capsule (1,2). Fertilizing in spring with an all purpose fertilizer will help keep Vinca lush. It is recommended that small infestations are hand pulled (with roots), or herbicide can be applied directly to fresh stem cuts and bruises (14). Middleton. Vinca major, V. minor. They typically stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground, but their trailing stems can reach 18 inches in length. As the name suggests, the vinca vine is an evergreen vine with a slender trailing stem, that usually does not exceed a height of 8 to 30 inches. Climbing Mechanism: V. major scrambles over adjacent vegetation or structures (6). In California, the seeds rarely mature. Preen is safe to use with Vinca and Pach., either on top of the soil or on top of the mulch (or both), but do not let it sit on the leaves of plants. The second type, summer-flowering vinca, has the botanical name Catharanthus roseus. However, Madagascar periwinkle does not perform well in wet, poorly drained soils or in cool spring weather. Primary Author: Cristine V. Santanna and John Bradtke, with editing by Robyn J. Burnham. It is widely used as a ground cover and container plant. Also part of the Gentianales is Rubiaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae, and Gelsemiaceae. the other for support. years. Global Biodiversity Information Facility Website. gets watered a bit every other day. Pest and Disease: Generally pest and disease free. This is a plant which still exists all over California in areas where homes were 100 - 150 years ago, which are long gone. -- connie in nm (karrelandconnie@msn.com), October 30, 2001. The vinca major is commonly known as variegated vinca, while vinca minor is commonly called ‘periwinkle flower’ and ‘creeping myrtle’. Perennial vinca grows best in … Creeping myrtle (Vinca minor) is one of those rare perennial evergreen ground covers that flower. Insect attacks on this plant are few but can happen on occasion. February 2011. Lonicera ssp. Vinca minor, also called periwinkle, creeping myrtle or vinca, blooms in spring and summer. Excellent for sloped areas. Vinca major is similar to Vinca minor, except that it is cold-hardy only in zones 7 to 9 and is a bit larger. Perennial vincas (Vinca minor, V. major… http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018490. Vinca roseus (also known botanically as Catharanthus roseus) is an African native commonly referred to in the U.S. as Madagascar periwinkle, Rose periwinkle, or just Vinca. When mature, each follicle dries and opens, releasing 3-5 seeds (2,12). balcanica (Pénzes) Kozuharov & Petrova It performs best in well-drained soils in sites that receive partial to full sun. A hardy perennial groundcover, not to be confused with Madagascar periwinkle or vinca major. Michigan Flora Online. Meaning of Vinca major. Critical reviews in oncology/hematology 42(2):173-178. Vinca minor and Vinca major are the most common varieties of this plant. A large-leafed evergreen, Vinca grows equally well in full sun or deep shade. New York: American Book Company. The difference between the minor and the major is only the size of the leaves and blossoms. Gray’s Manual of Botany, 8th ed. Dempster 2012. They are identified by … & H.A. Vinca minor vines are considered somewhat invasive plants, so, if this is a concern for you, make it a point each year to keep their runners in check.But remember, the flip side of the coin for so-called “invasive plants” is that they are vigorous growers, … Both of them trail, or just spread out horizontally along the ground, ROOTING AS THEY GO! Maybe the vinca is resting on the st John's wort, and that's Vinca flowers during the summer months and grows either upright or as a short vine. My neighbor's variety of this grows four feet tall. Ground covers are indispensible in the garden; they give even a newly planted place a decidedly old, romantic appearance, and you can use them to beautify difficult spots where grass won’t grow. -- joj (jump@off.c), October 30, 2001. The foliage of V. major 'Variegata' has creamy white blotches and margins. Vinca minor vines stay short, sprawling out over the ground. The stems root at the nodes and apex. Members in the Apocynaceae and the old Asclepidaceae have similar alkaloids and are used to develop drugs for cancer treatment (9). They are identified by … The Major variety. Vinca vines are also known by the names of Creeping Myrtle, Periwinkle, and Vinca minor. Interesting Quotation or Other Interesting Factoid not inserted above:  V. major and V. minor were introduced to the United States in the late 1700s. Distinguished by: Vinca minor appears like a smaller version of V. major, yet bears a few distinctive features. Like most Vinca, Traditional does best in ... both Vinca major and Vinca minor are highly sought after because they can completely carpet an area quickly and economically with the added bonus of delicate salverform flowers willing to blossom in shade or full sun. Version 12, July 2012. http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb. Add organic matter such as manure, peat moss or … The Major variety. Annual vinca possesses excellent heat and drought tolerance, blooming continuously through the intense heat of mid-summer. Pollinator: The flowers of V. major have paired nectaries that attract bees, hawkmoths, and other insects to pollinate them (4,10,11,13). It seldom exceeds 6 inches in height and stays put on the ground, lacking any ability to climb. Image of open flower courtesy of Cristine V. Santanna. These vines will grow about six inches high and will send out vines about 18 inches long that will root and continue spreading, slowly forming a thick ground cover. http://www.cal-ipc.org/ip/management/ipcw/, Nazimuddin, S. & M. Qaiser. Vinca (Vinca major), commonly called bigleaf periwinkle, big periwinkle or blue buttons, is a low-maintenance, easy-to-grow evergreen groundcover hardy in U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9.Its aggressive growth habit and adaptability to a wide variety of environmental conditions make it both beloved and hated by gardeners. 2009. It puts out long runners which will climb up into shrubs and the shrubs support them. Vinca minor (common perriwinkle) and Vinca major (bigleaf … Once it gets started, it pretty much takes care of itself, although you may have to take steps to prevent it from spreading out of control and you may have to deal with one major disease. The greater periwinkle is of great importance for the pharmaceutical industry due to the alkaloids vincamine and reserpine. ¬ Each flower produces 2 follicled fruits, 2.5-5cm long, Subspecies/varieties recognized (3): http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/347156/awmg_periwinkle.pdf. Big Leaf Variegated Periwinkle (Vinca major variegata) is recommended for use in the most inhospitable of spots in your yard, where other less muscular groundcovers have failed. Some of the more commonly seen pests on annual vinca plants include aphids, spider mites, scale and whiteflies.Generally, most of these pests can be controlled with beneficial insects that feed on them or with the use of insecticidal soap or neem oil. Their trailing stems can be trained to climb Cristine V. Santanna dries opens..., 2013. http: //www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx? LatinName=Vinca+major //ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl? tid=48131 [ March 14, 2013 ] pronunciation ( plus phonetic! Or Vinca major L., common periwinkle flower courtesy of Cristine V. Santanna through., CA: UCANR Publications, Inc. Gbif.org the other for support vineyards. Margin courtesy of Steve Hurst @ USDA-NRCS plants Database ( http: //www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx? flora_id=5 & taxon_id=200018490 at. 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